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Monday, February 10, 2020 | History

4 edition of Geology and water resources of Clay County, South Dakota found in the catalog.

Geology and water resources of Clay County, South Dakota

Cleo M. Christensen

Geology and water resources of Clay County, South Dakota

  • 324 Want to read
  • 27 Currently reading

Published by Science Center, University of South Dakota in Vermillion .
Written in English

    Places:
  • South Dakota,
  • Clay Co.
    • Subjects:
    • Geology -- South Dakota -- Clay Co,
    • Hydrology -- South Dakota -- Clay Co,
    • Water quality -- South Dakota -- Clay Co

    • Edition Notes

      Other titlesGeology and hydrology of Clay County, South Dakota.
      Statementby Cleo M. Christensen and Jerry C. Stephens.
      SeriesSouth Dakota Geological Survey. Bulletin 19, Bulletin (South Dakota Geological Survey) ;, 19.
      ContributionsStephens, Jerry C., 1933-
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsQE163 .A3 no. 19
      The Physical Object
      Pagination3 v.
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4071952M
      LC Control Number79626308

      From the Indiana Dunes of Lake Michigan, one of the world's largest displays of lakeshore dunes, to the historic little town of New Harmony, where American geology had its beginnings, this book is your guide to 50 of the most significant and interesting sites in Indiana. Lingulepis acumnetus ConradO. West of the Missouri River, the Niobrara chalk formed in the inland sea during the Cretaceous, which contains mosasaur and plesiosaur bones. However, no single feature class has enough information to definitively characterize its properties and origin.

      The ancestral Republican River followed approximately the course of the present Republican River from its headwaters to the city of Republic in Republic County. Clapp, C. Peat, concentrated in areas like the Souris River in McHenry County is used in gardens, but not widely produced, and the state has up totons of reserves. The rock is a massive limestone of buff color with brownish spots or mottlings. This deposit was discovered in the s and was found to extend over portions of eastern Cavalier and western Pembina counties. Sea levels receded in the Permianmarked by erosion in the east and continued marine deposition in the west.

      These consist of 40 to 50 feet of sandstones and sandy shales, overlain by the regular succession of Ordovician and Carboniferous limestones. Hundreds of feet of younger sediment cover the White River group in southwest South Dakota. Next there are 10 to 40 feet of purplish to gray quartzite, 40 feet of thin-bedded buff to purplish-gray sandstones and limestones with breccia and a small amount of flat-pebble limestone conglomerate, feet of thin-bedded sandstone and sandy shale of buff and greenish-buff color with some reddish layers, and a to foot bed of quartzite lying on igneous rocks. However, no single feature class has enough information to definitively characterize its properties and origin.


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Geology and water resources of Clay County, South Dakota by Cleo M. Christensen Download PDF Ebook

The term "generalpurpose" means that all geologic-feature classes have minimal information content adequate to characterize their Geology and water resources of Clay County geologic characteristics and to interpret their general geologic history.

The Cretaceous South Dakota book overlying the Dakota Formation were eroded from the area that is now Clay County. During the Eocene, mammals and grasses diversified in the area as North Dakota transitioned from a warm temperate to subtropical climate.

West of the Missouri River, the Niobrara chalk formed in the inland sea during the Cretaceous, which contains mosasaur and plesiosaur bones. Stratigraphic and structural elements include: 1 strands of the San Andreas Fault that bound far-traveled terranes of crystalline and sedimentary rock; 2 Mesozoic crystalline rocks that form lower and upper plates of the regionwide Vincent-Orocopia Thrust system; and 3 late Tertiary and Quaternary sedimentary materials and geologic structures that formed during the last million years or so and that record complex geologic interactions within the San Andreas Fault system.

The collision of North America and Europe as Pangea began to form kicked off the Caledonian orogeny and realigned the Williston Basin opening to the sea in the west rather than the north. Yellow sandy limestone with reddish spots and large fossils and trails 40 Reddish-yellow limestone weathering to small rectangular joint blocks 16 White siliceous limestone lies on green shales at top of Deadwood formation 24 80 In Spearfish Canyon at the mouth of Iron Creek the Whitewood consists of yellow limestone 70 feet thick.

Some beds are up to 50 feet thick in the state. Opeche Shale- Red siltstone, argillaceous sandstone and shale interbedded with caliche layers.

Thickness up to 40 ft 12 m. Winnipegosis Formation limestone and dolomite formed on top of the Ashern Formation, ascending to sandstone and shale in the Souris River and Dawson Bay formations.

SearchWorks Catalog

Erosion continued through Early Cretaceous time until the deposition of the Kiowa Shale during a brief invasion by the sea. Budge, W. A Guide to Geologic Sites in the Hoosier State MI A story of oceans, uplift, and ice, Indiana's geological history is reflected in the vistas South Dakota book landscapes you will see as you travel through the state.

Fuller's earth is a fine earthy material that has the ability to bleach or absorb coloring matter from oils and fats. North Dakota was a low forested landscape experiencing ongoing erosion. Here it is a dark mottled pink limestone 60 feet thick, rising in cliffs 30 feet high above the slopes of green shales at the top of the Deadwood formation.

Geological Survey and the California Geological Survey. After its closure, the location was deemed a Superfund site, although the shafts are now reused for the Sanford Underground Research Facilitythe largest underground laboratory in the US, used for dark matter and neutrino research.

County Treasurer's Office (Registration & Title)

South Dakota book and oxidation of lignite produces leonardite which is used as a dispersant and a control on viscosity for oil wells. Quaternary Period--Pleistocene Epoch The major events of the Pleistocene Epoch in this area were the establishment of new drainage lines and downcutting by existing streams, aggradation of the major streams, and the deposition of loess.

Basal portion consists of poorly cemented, white, coarse-grained arkose and conglomerate. Locally interbedded with fresh-water limestone and bituminous coal beds.

Through the Permiansalt and red bed formations filled the Williston Basin belonging to the Opeche and Spearfish formations, along with the Minnekahta Formation limestone. The county area has had an interesting geologic history and important fossil finds have added much to our knowledge of world geology.

In the Nigger Hill uplift the formation is hidden at many points by talus from overlying beds and in places it is cut out by igneous intrusion. They occur also in the breccias and conglomerates of this series.

Triassic to Permian at surface, covers 0. In the region about Deadwood it is overlain by several feet of greenish shale in which no fossils were found. Lingulella similis WalcottDicellomus nana M.

Geology Mineral Resources Clay County

The Deadwood Formation formed during this period, exposed as a foot thick Geology and water resources of Clay County in the walls of the Spearfish Canyon, ranging to 50 feet thick by Wind Cave.

Marine sandstones and clays and deposited during the Proterozoic and the Harney Peak granite emplaced around 1.

The outcrop in the Black Buttes is near the north end of the igneous area, where the porphyry has been intruded at a lower horizon for a short distance, uplifting upper Deadwood beds. In the Black Hills region the Carboniferous rocks comprise several formations which apparently represent continuous deposition from early in the period.Search South Dakota Death Records South Dakota Newspapers, Full Search (), 38 titles Geology and water resources of Clay County Dakota Obituary Search - (current) South Dakota Funeral Notices.

Clay County Cemetery Records South Dakota Select a Cemetery: Hovde Cemetery; Komstad Cemetery; Saint Peter Cemetery (Danish Lutheran Cemetery). GEOLOGY AND UNDERGROUND WATERS j OF SOUTH DAKOTA (BY N.

H. DARTON WASHINGTON GOVEBNMENT PBINTING OFFICE Deep wells and well prospects in South Dakota Continued. Fall River County Continued. Preliminary description of the geology and water resources of the southern half of the Black Hills andCited by: Regional Topography and Geology Emmons County, in south-central North Dakota, has an area of 1, square miles in Tps to N and Rs 74 to 79W.

It is located between 45° 56' North Latitude on the south (the North Dakota-South Dakota state line), 46° 17' North Latitude on the north, 99° 52' 37" West Longitude on the east, and the Missour i.Pdf may also wish to visit our web site on the Clay County geologic map.

Abstract. This report describing the geography, geology, and ground-water resources of Clay County, in north-central Kansas, is based on hydrologic and geologic information obtained in the .The South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources coordinated this effort for our state.

The department completed a source water assessment of each of the approximately public water supply systems in South Dakota at the time. A complete assessment is a .Ebook Wellington Formation, the youngest Permian formation in Clay County, ebook exposed in a wide belt extending across the county from north to south.

The Kiowa Shale is known to overlie the Wellington Formation in southwestern Clay County, but it is so poorly exposed that it is mapped with the Dakota.